多种方式测量AMP328频率响应

测量电路系统,比如放大器的频率特性(包括幅频特性和相频特性)是电路测量中重要的内容。电路的频率特性的测量方法可以有以下几种形式:

  1. 扫频方法
  2. 注入白噪声方法
  3. 测量系统的单位冲激响应

本文下面利用实验室中已有的设备对一款音频放大器 AMP328音频放大器 的频率特性进行测量,比较这些方法之间的结果关系。

 

01实验结果


1.使用白噪声测量幅频特性

(1) 噪声源

设备:DS345; 输出白噪声:1dBm
使用DSA815测量输出信号的频谱。使用衰减器进行30dB衰减。

DSA测量设置:
start=1k; endf=1MHz; RBW=1kHz; VBW=10Hz

▲ 白噪声源:DS345

▲ 白噪声源:DS345

(2) 测量AMP328的输出

▲ AMP328输出

▲ AMP328输出

f=[1.00,2.67,4.33,6.00,7.66,9.32,10.99,12.66,14.32,15.98,17.65,19.32,20.98,22.64,24.31,25.98,27.64,29.30,30.97,32.64,34.30,35.97,37.63,39.30,40.96,42.62,44.29,45.95,47.62,49.29,50.95,52.62,54.28,55.95,57.61,59.27,60.94,62.61,64.27,65.94,67.60,69.27,70.93,72.59,74.26,75.92,77.59,79.25,80.92,82.59,84.25,85.92,87.58,89.25,90.91,92.58,94.24,95.91,97.57,99.23,100.90,102.56,104.23,105.89,107.56,109.23,110.89,112.56,114.22,115.89,117.55,119.22,120.88,122.55,124.21,125.88,127.54,129.21,130.87,132.53,134.20,135.87,137.53,139.19,140.86,142.53,144.19,145.85,147.52,149.19,150.85,152.52,154.18,155.84,157.51,159.18,160.84,162.50,164.17,165.84,167.50,169.16,170.83,172.50,174.16,175.83,177.49,179.16,180.82,182.49,184.15,185.81,187.48,189.15,190.81,192.47,194.14,195.81,197.47,199.13,200.80,202.47,204.13,205.80,207.46,209.12,210.79,212.46,214.12,215.78,217.45,219.12,220.78,222.44,224.11,225.78,227.44,229.11,230.77,232.44,234.10,235.77,237.43,239.09,240.76,242.43,244.09,245.75,247.42,249.09,250.75,252.41,254.08,255.75,257.41,259.07,260.74,262.41,264.07,265.74,267.40,269.06,270.73,272.39,274.06,275.73,277.39,279.06,280.72,282.38,284.05,285.72,287.38,289.05,290.71,292.38,294.04,295.70,297.37,299.04,300.70,302.37,304.03,305.69,307.36,309.03,310.69,312.36,314.02,315.69,317.35,319.01,320.68,322.35,324.01,325.68,327.34,329.00,330.67,332.33,334.00,335.67,337.33,339.00,340.66,342.32,343.99,345.66,347.32,348.99,350.65,352.31,353.98,355.64,357.31,358.98,360.64,362.31,363.97,365.63,367.30,368.97,370.63,372.30,373.96,375.62,377.29,378.95,380.62,382.29,383.95,385.62,387.28,388.94,390.61,392.28,393.94,395.61,397.27,398.94,400.60,402.26,403.93,405.60,407.26,408.93,410.59,412.25,413.92,415.59,417.25,418.92,420.58,422.25,423.91,425.57,427.24,428.91,430.57,432.24,433.90,435.56,437.23,438.89,440.56,442.23,443.89,445.56,447.22,448.88,450.55,452.22,453.88,455.55,457.21,458.88,460.54,462.20,463.87,465.54,467.20,468.87,470.53,472.19,473.86,475.53,477.19,478.86,480.52,482.19,483.85,485.51,487.18,488.85,490.51,492.18,493.84,495.50,497.17,498.84,500.50,502.17,503.83,505.50,507.16,508.82,510.49,512.15,513.82,515.49,517.15,518.82,520.48,522.14,523.81,525.48,527.14,528.81,530.47,532.13,533.80,535.47,537.13,538.79,540.46,542.12,543.79,545.46,547.12,548.78,550.45,552.12,553.78,555.45,557.11,558.77,560.44,562.11,563.77,565.44,567.10,568.76,570.43,572.10,573.76,575.43,577.09,578.75,580.42,582.09,583.75,585.41,587.08,588.75,590.41,592.08,593.74,595.40,597.07,598.74,600.40,602.07,603.73,605.39,607.06,608.73,610.39,612.06,613.72,615.38,617.05,618.72,620.38,622.04,623.71,625.38,627.04,628.71,630.37,632.03,633.70,635.37,637.03,638.70,640.36,642.02,643.69,645.36,647.02,648.69,650.35,652.01,653.68,655.35,657.01,658.68,660.34,662.00,663.67,665.34,667.00,668.66,670.33,672.00,673.66,675.33,676.99,678.65,680.32,681.99,683.65,685.32,686.98,688.64,690.31,691.98,693.64,695.31,696.97,698.63,700.30,701.97,703.63,705.29,706.96,708.62,710.29,711.96,713.62,715.28,716.95,718.62,720.28,721.95,723.61,725.27,726.94,728.61,730.27,731.94,733.60,735.26,736.93,738.60,740.26,741.93,743.59,745.25,746.92,748.59,750.25,751.91,753.58,755.25,756.91,758.58,760.24,761.90,763.57,765.24,766.90,768.57,770.23,771.89,773.56,775.23,776.89,778.56,780.22,781.88,783.55,785.22,786.88,788.55,790.21,791.88,793.54,795.21,796.87,798.53,800.20,801.87,803.53,805.20,806.86,808.52,810.19,811.86,813.52,815.19,816.85,818.51,820.18,821.85,823.51,825.18,826.84,828.50,830.17,831.84,833.50,835.16,836.83,838.50,840.16,841.83,843.49,845.15,846.82,848.49,850.15,851.82,853.48,855.14,856.81,858.48,860.14,861.81,863.47,865.13,866.80,868.47,870.13,871.80,873.46,875.12,876.79,878.46,880.12,881.78,883.45,885.12,886.78,888.45,890.11,891.77,893.44,895.11,896.77,898.44,900.10,901.76,903.43,905.10,906.76,908.43,910.09,911.75,913.42,915.09,916.75,918.41,920.08,921.75,923.41,925.08,926.74,928.40,930.07,931.74,933.40,935.07,936.73,938.39,940.06,941.73,943.39,945.06,946.72,948.38,950.05,951.72,953.38,955.05,956.71,958.38,960.04,961.71,963.37,965.03,966.70,968.37,970.03,971.70,973.36,975.02,976.69,978.36,980.02,981.69,983.35,985.01,986.68,988.35,990.01,991.68,993.34,995.00,996.67,998.34,1000.00]
measure=[-17.88,-45.93,-43.55,-42.08,-40.98,-40.06,-39.71,-39.86,-39.31,-39.48,-39.54,-39.49,-39.44,-39.14,-39.69,-40.00,-40.15,-40.19,-39.90,-39.80,-39.51,-40.25,-40.06,-40.25,-40.40,-40.73,-40.68,-40.76,-40.47,-40.52,-41.09,-41.25,-40.81,-40.72,-41.70,-41.43,-41.06,-41.69,-41.77,-41.35,-41.47,-41.14,-41.46,-41.74,-41.95,-41.97,-41.91,-42.07,-42.24,-42.28,-42.65,-42.68,-42.30,-42.56,-42.70,-42.08,-42.87,-42.41,-42.48,-42.85,-42.64,-42.72,-42.72,-43.11,-43.26,-43.19,-42.86,-43.52,-43.17,-43.14,-43.19,-42.72,-43.05,-43.11,-43.21,-43.39,-43.63,-43.90,-43.84,-43.46,-43.59,-44.17,-43.89,-44.18,-44.27,-43.65,-44.03,-44.25,-44.63,-44.34,-44.65,-44.68,-44.81,-44.86,-44.82,-45.02,-45.02,-44.98,-45.01,-44.72,-45.42,-45.20,-45.26,-45.64,-45.62,-46.08,-46.04,-45.91,-45.92,-45.87,-46.27,-46.22,-46.51,-46.17,-45.93,-46.72,-47.13,-46.99,-46.32,-46.60,-46.94,-47.05,-47.21,-47.25,-47.53,-47.42,-47.40,-47.43,-47.89,-47.78,-47.51,-47.42,-47.92,-47.83,-47.48,-48.07,-48.85,-48.66,-48.52,-48.72,-48.41,-49.34,-48.57,-48.50,-49.14,-49.50,-49.35,-49.43,-49.41,-48.66,-49.15,-49.52,-49.03,-49.10,-49.88,-49.44,-49.01,-49.73,-49.67,-50.13,-49.90,-50.05,-50.46,-50.71,-51.17,-50.02,-50.48,-50.96,-50.54,-50.62,-50.72,-50.91,-51.27,-51.27,-51.81,-51.91,-51.06,-51.19,-51.79,-51.14,-51.57,-52.01,-52.13,-52.38,-52.35,-52.17,-51.89,-51.86,-52.44,-51.85,-52.39,-52.92,-52.67,-52.96,-53.18,-52.70,-53.32,-52.79,-53.30,-53.11,-53.50,-53.99,-54.05,-53.87,-54.01,-53.74,-53.62,-54.47,-54.26,-54.00,-54.30,-54.01,-54.41,-54.73,-54.71,-55.17,-54.92,-54.62,-54.98,-55.32,-54.95,-55.03,-55.84,-55.04,-55.23,-55.66,-55.12,-55.75,-55.50,-55.49,-56.25,-55.95,-56.32,-56.47,-56.35,-56.46,-56.90,-56.81,-56.80,-56.74,-56.69,-56.54,-56.40,-57.29,-57.49,-57.25,-57.25,-57.23,-57.25,-56.92,-57.16,-57.59,-57.63,-58.13,-58.34,-57.91,-57.83,-58.13,-57.92,-57.87,-58.00,-58.52,-58.70,-58.41,-58.98,-58.87,-58.88,-58.55,-58.80,-58.83,-58.79,-59.27,-59.40,-58.84,-59.33,-59.75,-59.64,-59.59,-59.30,-59.59,-59.57,-59.12,-59.73,-59.85,-59.92,-60.35,-60.42,-60.44,-60.33,-60.83,-60.66,-60.71,-60.60,-60.64,-60.90,-60.64,-60.92,-60.60,-61.22,-61.15,-60.89,-61.33,-61.69,-61.38,-61.44,-61.40,-61.69,-61.41,-61.57,-61.72,-61.91,-62.12,-61.95,-62.28,-62.94,-62.51,-62.04,-62.57,-62.10,-62.16,-62.42,-62.45,-62.94,-62.48,-63.18,-62.91,-62.95,-62.76,-63.62,-62.95,-62.79,-63.38,-63.12,-62.81,-63.70,-63.59,-63.03,-63.85,-63.53,-63.74,-63.90,-63.11,-63.53,-64.22,-64.62,-64.38,-64.33,-64.42,-64.90,-64.10,-63.95,-64.49,-64.55,-64.69,-65.11,-64.48,-64.73,-65.10,-64.91,-64.89,-65.03,-64.82,-65.07,-64.86,-65.30,-65.55,-65.54,-65.77,-66.32,-65.67,-65.59,-66.22,-66.01,-65.79,-65.75,-65.86,-66.16,-66.51,-66.05,-66.10,-66.01,-65.93,-66.36,-66.37,-66.87,-66.85,-66.76,-66.21,-66.74,-67.13,-67.38,-67.08,-67.77,-66.71,-66.47,-67.00,-67.43,-67.66,-67.67,-67.71,-68.03,-68.07,-67.67,-67.42,-67.86,-67.70,-68.12,-68.26,-68.29,-67.93,-68.07,-68.25,-67.79,-68.36,-68.41,-67.96,-68.30,-68.14,-68.64,-69.09,-68.64,-68.52,-67.88,-68.55,-68.69,-68.98,-69.29,-69.07,-68.85,-69.11,-69.12,-69.45,-69.04,-69.47,-70.04,-69.71,-69.77,-69.43,-69.50,-69.68,-69.95,-70.09,-69.73,-70.06,-70.11,-70.21,-70.46,-70.16,-70.20,-70.06,-69.66,-70.01,-70.91,-70.32,-70.08,-70.39,-70.35,-70.47,-70.41,-70.88,-70.82,-70.92,-70.95,-71.08,-71.03,-71.25,-71.24,-71.35,-70.80,-71.46,-71.25,-71.18,-71.66,-71.88,-71.62,-71.79,-71.97,-72.11,-71.64,-71.60,-71.83,-71.51,-71.63,-72.57,-72.17,-72.32,-71.67,-71.93,-72.22,-72.13,-72.07,-72.01,-72.34,-73.24,-72.55,-73.10,-72.94,-72.94,-72.73,-72.87,-73.25,-73.08,-72.92,-73.21,-73.03,-73.39,-73.20,-73.14,-73.44,-73.40,-73.13,-73.44,-73.39,-73.76,-73.72,-73.60,-73.60,-73.94,-73.33,-72.97,-73.53,-73.32,-73.90,-73.95,-74.17,-73.64,-74.43,-74.58,-73.95,-74.45,-74.63,-74.75,-74.36,-74.52,-74.61,-74.51,-74.38,-74.96,-75.43,-75.04,-75.04,-74.89,-75.12,-75.23,-74.93,-75.62,-75.44,-75.00,-75.17,-75.61,-75.14,-74.82,-75.28,-75.27,-74.93,-75.43,-75.00,-75.44,-74.90,-75.95,-75.18,-75.27,-75.96,-75.70,-75.92,-75.99,-76.10,-76.16,-75.62,-75.42,-75.76,-76.08,-76.28,-75.98,-76.08,-76.05,-76.04,-76.39,-76.39,-75.91,-75.95,-76.37,-76.46,-77.29,-77.35,-76.92,-76.46,-76.89,-76.88,-77.11,-77.01,-76.89,-76.97,-76.98,-77.29,-77.46,-77.23,-76.90,-77.20,-77.64,-77.09]
(3)输入信号频谱

▲ 输入信号的频谱

▲ 输入信号的频谱

f=[1.00,2.67,4.33,6.00,7.66,9.32,10.99,12.66,14.32,15.98,17.65,19.32,20.98,22.64,24.31,25.98,27.64,29.30,30.97,32.64,34.30,35.97,37.63,39.30,40.96,42.62,44.29,45.95,47.62,49.29,50.95,52.62,54.28,55.95,57.61,59.27,60.94,62.61,64.27,65.94,67.60,69.27,70.93,72.59,74.26,75.92,77.59,79.25,80.92,82.59,84.25,85.92,87.58,89.25,90.91,92.58,94.24,95.91,97.57,99.23,100.90,102.56,104.23,105.89,107.56,109.23,110.89,112.56,114.22,115.89,117.55,119.22,120.88,122.55,124.21,125.88,127.54,129.21,130.87,132.53,134.20,135.87,137.53,139.19,140.86,142.53,144.19,145.85,147.52,149.19,150.85,152.52,154.18,155.84,157.51,159.18,160.84,162.50,164.17,165.84,167.50,169.16,170.83,172.50,174.16,175.83,177.49,179.16,180.82,182.49,184.15,185.81,187.48,189.15,190.81,192.47,194.14,195.81,197.47,199.13,200.80,202.47,204.13,205.80,207.46,209.12,210.79,212.46,214.12,215.78,217.45,219.12,220.78,222.44,224.11,225.78,227.44,229.11,230.77,232.44,234.10,235.77,237.43,239.09,240.76,242.43,244.09,245.75,247.42,249.09,250.75,252.41,254.08,255.75,257.41,259.07,260.74,262.41,264.07,265.74,267.40,269.06,270.73,272.39,274.06,275.73,277.39,279.06,280.72,282.38,284.05,285.72,287.38,289.05,290.71,292.38,294.04,295.70,297.37,299.04,300.70,302.37,304.03,305.69,307.36,309.03,310.69,312.36,314.02,315.69,317.35,319.01,320.68,322.35,324.01,325.68,327.34,329.00,330.67,332.33,334.00,335.67,337.33,339.00,340.66,342.32,343.99,345.66,347.32,348.99,350.65,352.31,353.98,355.64,357.31,358.98,360.64,362.31,363.97,365.63,367.30,368.97,370.63,372.30,373.96,375.62,377.29,378.95,380.62,382.29,383.95,385.62,387.28,388.94,390.61,392.28,393.94,395.61,397.27,398.94,400.60,402.26,403.93,405.60,407.26,408.93,410.59,412.25,413.92,415.59,417.25,418.92,420.58,422.25,423.91,425.57,427.24,428.91,430.57,432.24,433.90,435.56,437.23,438.89,440.56,442.23,443.89,445.56,447.22,448.88,450.55,452.22,453.88,455.55,457.21,458.88,460.54,462.20,463.87,465.54,467.20,468.87,470.53,472.19,473.86,475.53,477.19,478.86,480.52,482.19,483.85,485.51,487.18,488.85,490.51,492.18,493.84,495.50,497.17,498.84,500.50,502.17,503.83,505.50,507.16,508.82,510.49,512.15,513.82,515.49,517.15,518.82,520.48,522.14,523.81,525.48,527.14,528.81,530.47,532.13,533.80,535.47,537.13,538.79,540.46,542.12,543.79,545.46,547.12,548.78,550.45,552.12,553.78,555.45,557.11,558.77,560.44,562.11,563.77,565.44,567.10,568.76,570.43,572.10,573.76,575.43,577.09,578.75,580.42,582.09,583.75,585.41,587.08,588.75,590.41,592.08,593.74,595.40,597.07,598.74,600.40,602.07,603.73,605.39,607.06,608.73,610.39,612.06,613.72,615.38,617.05,618.72,620.38,622.04,623.71,625.38,627.04,628.71,630.37,632.03,633.70,635.37,637.03,638.70,640.36,642.02,643.69,645.36,647.02,648.69,650.35,652.01,653.68,655.35,657.01,658.68,660.34,662.00,663.67,665.34,667.00,668.66,670.33,672.00,673.66,675.33,676.99,678.65,680.32,681.99,683.65,685.32,686.98,688.64,690.31,691.98,693.64,695.31,696.97,698.63,700.30,701.97,703.63,705.29,706.96,708.62,710.29,711.96,713.62,715.28,716.95,718.62,720.28,721.95,723.61,725.27,726.94,728.61,730.27,731.94,733.60,735.26,736.93,738.60,740.26,741.93,743.59,745.25,746.92,748.59,750.25,751.91,753.58,755.25,756.91,758.58,760.24,761.90,763.57,765.24,766.90,768.57,770.23,771.89,773.56,775.23,776.89,778.56,780.22,781.88,783.55,785.22,786.88,788.55,790.21,791.88,793.54,795.21,796.87,798.53,800.20,801.87,803.53,805.20,806.86,808.52,810.19,811.86,813.52,815.19,816.85,818.51,820.18,821.85,823.51,825.18,826.84,828.50,830.17,831.84,833.50,835.16,836.83,838.50,840.16,841.83,843.49,845.15,846.82,848.49,850.15,851.82,853.48,855.14,856.81,858.48,860.14,861.81,863.47,865.13,866.80,868.47,870.13,871.80,873.46,875.12,876.79,878.46,880.12,881.78,883.45,885.12,886.78,888.45,890.11,891.77,893.44,895.11,896.77,898.44,900.10,901.76,903.43,905.10,906.76,908.43,910.09,911.75,913.42,915.09,916.75,918.41,920.08,921.75,923.41,925.08,926.74,928.40,930.07,931.74,933.40,935.07,936.73,938.39,940.06,941.73,943.39,945.06,946.72,948.38,950.05,951.72,953.38,955.05,956.71,958.38,960.04,961.71,963.37,965.03,966.70,968.37,970.03,971.70,973.36,975.02,976.69,978.36,980.02,981.69,983.35,985.01,986.68,988.35,990.01,991.68,993.34,995.00,996.67,998.34,1000.00]
measure=[-17.92,-54.17,-56.16,-58.44,-59.60,-61.74,-62.68,-63.36,-64.80,-65.20,-65.87,-65.77,-66.18,-66.52,-66.86,-66.75,-67.31,-67.01,-67.37,-67.48,-67.79,-67.32,-67.47,-67.26,-67.66,-67.87,-67.68,-67.58,-67.45,-67.50,-66.97,-67.70,-67.61,-67.31,-67.58,-67.76,-67.74,-68.17,-67.94,-67.54,-67.76,-67.84,-68.58,-67.88,-67.78,-68.26,-67.71,-67.66,-67.25,-67.82,-68.54,-67.94,-67.86,-67.62,-68.43,-67.97,-68.08,-67.85,-68.39,-68.30,-67.68,-67.99,-68.35,-67.71,-67.55,-67.64,-67.78,-67.84,-67.95,-67.51,-67.39,-68.53,-68.26,-68.16,-68.03,-68.10,-68.02,-67.65,-68.27,-68.33,-68.14,-67.84,-68.24,-68.81,-67.47,-68.06,-67.63,-67.33,-67.33,-68.07,-68.02,-68.35,-68.31,-68.05,-67.88,-67.93,-68.44,-68.37,-67.87,-68.11,-68.13,-68.14,-67.99,-68.17,-68.33,-68.04,-68.37,-67.49,-68.17,-67.79,-67.40,-67.95,-67.95,-67.62,-67.96,-67.46,-67.76,-68.30,-68.29,-68.37,-68.19,-68.01,-67.67,-68.67,-68.70,-67.56,-68.21,-67.77,-67.71,-68.25,-68.57,-68.33,-67.98,-68.15,-67.58,-68.14,-67.98,-68.35,-67.96,-67.98,-67.87,-68.30,-68.48,-68.15,-67.66,-67.93,-67.93,-68.56,-68.44,-68.16,-68.39,-68.31,-68.25,-67.57,-67.56,-67.78,-67.70,-68.20,-68.23,-67.77,-68.09,-67.46,-67.65,-68.27,-67.94,-68.40,-68.00,-68.53,-67.69,-68.04,-68.24,-67.85,-67.86,-68.81,-68.04,-67.90,-68.22,-67.94,-68.56,-67.86,-67.67,-67.90,-68.46,-68.22,-68.27,-67.93,-68.24,-68.37,-67.63,-67.89,-68.10,-67.96,-67.94,-68.35,-68.17,-68.62,-68.17,-67.72,-68.03,-67.99,-68.47,-68.01,-68.29,-67.91,-67.76,-68.35,-67.95,-67.59,-68.01,-67.95,-68.21,-68.46,-67.95,-67.66,-68.01,-67.80,-68.54,-68.38,-68.06,-68.15,-67.69,-67.69,-68.41,-68.29,-68.12,-67.86,-68.35,-67.86,-68.29,-68.20,-68.24,-68.12,-68.17,-68.05,-68.03,-68.06,-67.41,-68.26,-67.40,-67.99,-68.20,-68.18,-68.15,-68.22,-67.73,-67.78,-68.53,-68.31,-68.16,-68.20,-68.03,-68.01,-68.04,-67.92,-67.98,-68.19,-67.65,-67.95,-68.11,-68.09,-68.12,-67.84,-67.70,-68.10,-68.58,-68.32,-67.98,-67.71,-67.52,-68.31,-67.90,-68.37,-67.87,-68.14,-67.89,-67.33,-68.10,-67.91,-68.28,-67.93,-67.99,-68.22,-68.12,-67.99,-67.57,-67.76,-68.06,-68.26,-68.49,-67.67,-67.49,-67.90,-67.77,-67.93,-68.36,-67.21,-67.76,-67.93,-68.52,-68.81,-68.21,-68.35,-68.30,-68.19,-68.12,-68.37,-67.99,-67.67,-68.18,-68.12,-67.65,-68.38,-68.08,-68.06,-67.94,-67.72,-67.71,-67.89,-67.72,-67.61,-68.14,-68.26,-68.03,-67.87,-68.37,-68.18,-67.65,-68.30,-68.22,-67.99,-68.17,-68.06,-68.02,-68.18,-67.72,-67.62,-67.98,-67.47,-68.29,-68.15,-68.29,-67.97,-68.37,-68.00,-67.94,-68.51,-68.00,-67.04,-67.95,-68.17,-68.20,-68.53,-68.10,-68.13,-67.99,-68.07,-68.29,-68.33,-67.94,-68.19,-68.01,-68.21,-68.10,-67.94,-68.37,-68.05,-68.22,-67.54,-67.88,-67.99,-67.86,-68.04,-68.16,-67.87,-68.14,-67.71,-67.51,-68.38,-68.06,-68.01,-68.23,-67.82,-68.11,-68.48,-68.59,-67.79,-68.12,-68.03,-67.86,-67.97,-68.21,-67.39,-67.52,-67.83,-68.10,-68.15,-68.31,-68.15,-67.93,-67.84,-67.87,-67.97,-68.89,-68.07,-67.65,-68.30,-67.80,-67.95,-67.76,-67.58,-68.21,-68.67,-67.95,-67.76,-68.28,-68.59,-68.64,-67.76,-68.27,-68.68,-68.17,-67.90,-68.11,-68.45,-68.20,-68.27,-68.44,-68.08,-68.40,-67.92,-68.22,-67.71,-67.67,-67.92,-68.15,-68.12,-67.39,-68.32,-68.07,-68.12,-68.10,-69.13,-68.08,-68.08,-67.84,-68.25,-67.88,-67.91,-68.41,-67.67,-67.82,-67.66,-67.98,-67.53,-67.70,-67.82,-67.76,-68.59,-68.32,-68.00,-68.21,-68.34,-68.71,-67.82,-67.82,-68.18,-68.29,-67.71,-68.19,-67.80,-68.08,-67.80,-67.56,-67.94,-68.13,-68.14,-67.81,-67.62,-68.26,-67.93,-68.14,-67.80,-67.71,-68.10,-67.96,-68.63,-68.63,-68.32,-68.73,-67.80,-68.09,-68.47,-68.12,-68.12,-68.08,-68.18,-68.22,-67.97,-68.12,-68.08,-67.57,-68.01,-68.02,-67.86,-67.79,-68.07,-68.46,-68.14,-68.45,-67.64,-68.32,-68.19,-68.20,-67.82,-68.11,-68.30,-68.02,-68.26,-67.97,-67.69,-68.20,-68.12,-68.27,-67.97,-68.06,-68.17,-68.49,-67.92,-67.82,-67.55,-67.55,-68.13,-68.22,-68.42,-67.73,-68.20,-68.44,-67.97,-67.48,-67.91,-67.66,-67.77,-68.50,-68.07,-67.94,-67.82,-68.54,-67.64,-67.82,-68.09,-68.13,-68.37,-68.34,-68.22,-68.31,-68.03,-68.08,-67.88,-67.43,-68.18,-67.82,-68.27,-68.35,-68.05,-68.17,-68.02,-68.09,-68.03,-67.51,-67.48,-68.44,-68.22,-68.04,-67.95,-68.52,-68.14,-67.96,-68.20,-67.88,-68.35,-67.32,-68.23,-67.91,-68.00,-67.96,-68.19,-68.11,-68.13,-67.65,-67.97,-68.14,-68.26,-68.36,-67.61,-68.27,-67.91,-67.93,-68.25,-67.88,-68.03,-68.22]
(4)求输入输出增益之差

▲ 放大器增益曲线

▲ 放大器增益曲线

▲ 放大器增益曲线(线性增益)

▲ 放大器增益曲线(线性增益)

2.使用TG功能测量放大器的幅频特性

▲ 使用TG功能测量放大器的增益曲线

▲ 使用TG功能测量放大器的增益曲线

f=[1.00,2.67,4.33,6.00,7.66,9.32,10.99,12.66,14.32,15.98,17.65,19.32,20.98,22.64,24.31,25.98,27.64,29.30,30.97,32.64,34.30,35.97,37.63,39.30,40.96,42.62,44.29,45.95,47.62,49.29,50.95,52.62,54.28,55.95,57.61,59.27,60.94,62.61,64.27,65.94,67.60,69.27,70.93,72.59,74.26,75.92,77.59,79.25,80.92,82.59,84.25,85.92,87.58,89.25,90.91,92.58,94.24,95.91,97.57,99.23,100.90,102.56,104.23,105.89,107.56,109.23,110.89,112.56,114.22,115.89,117.55,119.22,120.88,122.55,124.21,125.88,127.54,129.21,130.87,132.53,134.20,135.87,137.53,139.19,140.86,142.53,144.19,145.85,147.52,149.19,150.85,152.52,154.18,155.84,157.51,159.18,160.84,162.50,164.17,165.84,167.50,169.16,170.83,172.50,174.16,175.83,177.49,179.16,180.82,182.49,184.15,185.81,187.48,189.15,190.81,192.47,194.14,195.81,197.47,199.13,200.80,202.47,204.13,205.80,207.46,209.12,210.79,212.46,214.12,215.78,217.45,219.12,220.78,222.44,224.11,225.78,227.44,229.11,230.77,232.44,234.10,235.77,237.43,239.09,240.76,242.43,244.09,245.75,247.42,249.09,250.75,252.41,254.08,255.75,257.41,259.07,260.74,262.41,264.07,265.74,267.40,269.06,270.73,272.39,274.06,275.73,277.39,279.06,280.72,282.38,284.05,285.72,287.38,289.05,290.71,292.38,294.04,295.70,297.37,299.04,300.70,302.37,304.03,305.69,307.36,309.03,310.69,312.36,314.02,315.69,317.35,319.01,320.68,322.35,324.01,325.68,327.34,329.00,330.67,332.33,334.00,335.67,337.33,339.00,340.66,342.32,343.99,345.66,347.32,348.99,350.65,352.31,353.98,355.64,357.31,358.98,360.64,362.31,363.97,365.63,367.30,368.97,370.63,372.30,373.96,375.62,377.29,378.95,380.62,382.29,383.95,385.62,387.28,388.94,390.61,392.28,393.94,395.61,397.27,398.94,400.60,402.26,403.93,405.60,407.26,408.93,410.59,412.25,413.92,415.59,417.25,418.92,420.58,422.25,423.91,425.57,427.24,428.91,430.57,432.24,433.90,435.56,437.23,438.89,440.56,442.23,443.89,445.56,447.22,448.88,450.55,452.22,453.88,455.55,457.21,458.88,460.54,462.20,463.87,465.54,467.20,468.87,470.53,472.19,473.86,475.53,477.19,478.86,480.52,482.19,483.85,485.51,487.18,488.85,490.51,492.18,493.84,495.50,497.17,498.84,500.50,502.17,503.83,505.50,507.16,508.82,510.49,512.15,513.82,515.49,517.15,518.82,520.48,522.14,523.81,525.48,527.14,528.81,530.47,532.13,533.80,535.47,537.13,538.79,540.46,542.12,543.79,545.46,547.12,548.78,550.45,552.12,553.78,555.45,557.11,558.77,560.44,562.11,563.77,565.44,567.10,568.76,570.43,572.10,573.76,575.43,577.09,578.75,580.42,582.09,583.75,585.41,587.08,588.75,590.41,592.08,593.74,595.40,597.07,598.74,600.40,602.07,603.73,605.39,607.06,608.73,610.39,612.06,613.72,615.38,617.05,618.72,620.38,622.04,623.71,625.38,627.04,628.71,630.37,632.03,633.70,635.37,637.03,638.70,640.36,642.02,643.69,645.36,647.02,648.69,650.35,652.01,653.68,655.35,657.01,658.68,660.34,662.00,663.67,665.34,667.00,668.66,670.33,672.00,673.66,675.33,676.99,678.65,680.32,681.99,683.65,685.32,686.98,688.64,690.31,691.98,693.64,695.31,696.97,698.63,700.30,701.97,703.63,705.29,706.96,708.62,710.29,711.96,713.62,715.28,716.95,718.62,720.28,721.95,723.61,725.27,726.94,728.61,730.27,731.94,733.60,735.26,736.93,738.60,740.26,741.93,743.59,745.25,746.92,748.59,750.25,751.91,753.58,755.25,756.91,758.58,760.24,761.90,763.57,765.24,766.90,768.57,770.23,771.89,773.56,775.23,776.89,778.56,780.22,781.88,783.55,785.22,786.88,788.55,790.21,791.88,793.54,795.21,796.87,798.53,800.20,801.87,803.53,805.20,806.86,808.52,810.19,811.86,813.52,815.19,816.85,818.51,820.18,821.85,823.51,825.18,826.84,828.50,830.17,831.84,833.50,835.16,836.83,838.50,840.16,841.83,843.49,845.15,846.82,848.49,850.15,851.82,853.48,855.14,856.81,858.48,860.14,861.81,863.47,865.13,866.80,868.47,870.13,871.80,873.46,875.12,876.79,878.46,880.12,881.78,883.45,885.12,886.78,888.45,890.11,891.77,893.44,895.11,896.77,898.44,900.10,901.76,903.43,905.10,906.76,908.43,910.09,911.75,913.42,915.09,916.75,918.41,920.08,921.75,923.41,925.08,926.74,928.40,930.07,931.74,933.40,935.07,936.73,938.39,940.06,941.73,943.39,945.06,946.72,948.38,950.05,951.72,953.38,955.05,956.71,958.38,960.04,961.71,963.37,965.03,966.70,968.37,970.03,971.70,973.36,975.02,976.69,978.36,980.02,981.69,983.35,985.01,986.68,988.35,990.01,991.68,993.34,995.00,996.67,998.34,1000.00]
measure=[10.63,-14.96,-10.37,-7.34,23.10,23.60,24.12,24.47,24.57,24.55,24.45,24.30,24.14,23.91,23.64,23.33,22.95,22.49,22.00,21.42,20.81,20.11,19.34,18.57,17.67,16.71,15.75,14.64,13.45,12.27,10.92,9.46,8.00,6.33,4.57,2.96,1.25,-0.41,-2.13,-3.68,-4.93,-5.65,-6.20,-6.94,-7.76,-8.54,-9.39,-10.01,-10.29,-10.69,-11.26,-11.78,-12.25,-12.69,-12.92,-12.94,-13.20,-13.53,-13.70,-13.91,-13.97,-14.03,-14.07,-14.09,-14.14,-14.13,-14.17,-14.10,-13.97,-13.83,-13.82,-13.71,-13.74,-13.52,-13.41,-13.25,-13.06,-12.90,-12.84,-12.46,-12.57,-12.37,-12.54,-12.31,-12.15,-12.03,-11.96,-11.78,-11.81,-11.60,-11.39,-11.18,-11.04,-10.74,-10.89,-10.74,-10.64,-10.56,-10.43,-10.35,-10.38,-10.26,-10.15,-10.15,-10.14,-10.09,-10.16,-10.33,-10.47,-10.44,-10.20,-9.90,-9.85,-9.62,-9.47,-9.47,-9.39,-9.33,-9.40,-9.30,-9.28,-9.36,-9.38,-9.45,-9.49,-9.44,-9.44,-9.50,-9.59,-9.59,-9.61,-9.47,-9.55,-9.59,-9.49,-9.58,-9.59,-9.64,-9.62,-9.72,-9.75,-9.89,-9.92,-10.11,-10.53,-11.12,-11.44,-11.77,-11.79,-11.79,-11.76,-11.73,-11.75,-11.91,-11.93,-11.83,-11.89,-12.10,-12.06,-12.29,-12.19,-12.27,-12.47,-12.57,-12.59,-13.23,-13.10,-13.20,-13.36,-13.69,-13.85,-14.02,-13.92,-14.13,-14.26,-14.40,-14.50,-14.98,-14.79,-14.97,-15.04,-15.27,-15.31,-15.43,-15.20,-14.91,-14.71,-13.97,-14.14,-13.60,-13.15,-13.11,-12.72,-12.07,-11.73,-12.32,-12.31,-12.01,-11.94,-11.96,-12.53,-13.33,-13.17,-13.46,-14.13,-15.14,-15.90,-16.14,-17.81,-18.85,-20.97,-21.24,-21.38,-18.30,-17.44,-11.45,-7.44,-5.13,-4.46,-4.93,-4.16,-4.15,-4.58,-5.08,-5.34,-6.10,-5.77,-6.73,-7.00,-7.01,-7.18,-7.95,-7.48,-7.66,-7.76,-7.88,-8.24,-9.02,-8.21,-8.41,-8.61,-8.58,-8.65,-8.94,-8.55,-8.29,-7.99,-8.44,-7.94,-8.20,-7.82,-8.50,-8.98,-8.79,-8.96,-9.13,-8.98,-9.01,-9.14,-8.85,-9.08,-9.34,-9.41,-8.83,-9.06,-9.00,-8.34,-8.55,-8.91,-8.84,-8.88,-9.07,-9.14,-9.31,-9.24,-9.17,-9.33,-9.27,-9.25,-9.33,-9.35,-9.38,-9.42,-9.43,-9.93,-10.02,-9.83,-9.55,-9.58,-9.49,-9.64,-9.72,-9.62,-9.38,-9.78,-9.84,-10.00,-10.11,-9.85,-9.95,-10.24,-10.20,-9.69,-9.06,-9.89,-9.86,-10.09,-10.10,-10.03,-9.97,-10.26,-9.89,-10.12,-10.59,-10.22,-10.16,-10.42,-10.07,-10.27,-10.19,-10.50,-10.23,-10.34,-10.47,-10.54,-10.28,-10.33,-10.30,-10.49,-10.16,-10.22,-10.38,-10.69,-10.37,-10.68,-10.40,-10.43,-10.20,-10.27,-10.16,-10.36,-10.67,-10.70,-10.39,-10.68,-10.43,-10.19,-9.95,-9.97,-9.91,-9.12,-8.30,-7.58,-7.39,-7.40,-7.42,-7.43,-7.56,-7.68,-8.80,-27.45,-25.79,-17.17,-15.03,-13.08,-11.16,-10.63,-9.77,-10.13,-10.17,-10.45,-10.29,-10.25,-10.40,-10.54,-10.63,-10.59,-10.40,-10.67,-11.06,-10.78,-10.81,-10.64,-11.22,-11.17,-11.17,-11.28,-11.36,-11.22,-11.63,-11.92,-11.98,-12.19,-12.22,-11.97,-12.41,-12.43,-12.56,-12.83,-12.85,-12.72,-13.22,-13.42,-13.17,-13.66,-13.69,-13.44,-13.66,-13.89,-14.00,-14.32,-14.32,-14.41,-15.11,-15.29,-15.06,-15.71,-15.71,-15.67,-15.65,-15.51,-15.66,-16.41,-15.96,-16.07,-15.81,-15.98,-15.85,-16.18,-15.68,-15.39,-15.21,-14.98,-14.73,-15.60,-15.08,-15.24,-15.13,-15.28,-15.02,-15.49,-14.90,-14.92,-15.06,-14.73,-14.88,-15.44,-14.73,-15.09,-15.01,-14.74,-15.30,-15.88,-15.51,-15.19,-15.23,-15.21,-15.41,-16.10,-15.54,-15.72,-15.66,-15.71,-15.60,-16.08,-15.73,-15.68,-15.49,-15.22,-14.98,-15.90,-15.76,-15.80,-15.82,-15.72,-15.54,-16.14,-16.05,-15.77,-14.09,-13.87,-14.94,-15.55,-15.73,-15.41,-16.16,-15.69,-15.96,-16.27,-15.71,-16.11,-16.33,-15.95,-15.92,-15.98,-16.16,-16.40,-16.87,-16.50,-16.47,-16.58,-16.50,-16.41,-16.88,-16.43,-16.48,-16.25,-16.57,-16.57,-17.01,-16.43,-16.39,-16.69,-16.75,-16.83,-17.03,-16.56,-16.82,-17.07,-17.28,-17.17,-17.61,-17.08,-16.99,-16.91,-17.08,-17.08,-17.64,-17.11,-16.93,-16.84,-17.36,-17.13,-17.45,-17.25,-17.59,-17.60,-17.44,-17.48,-17.95,-16.55,-17.04,-17.72,-17.25,-17.37,-17.33,-17.74,-17.77,-18.34,-17.89,-17.91,-18.07,-17.87,-18.21,-18.55,-18.06,-18.24,-18.08,-18.42,-18.29,-18.90,-18.38,-18.74,-18.47,-18.38,-18.28,-18.79,-18.62,-18.32,-17.92,-18.49,-18.35,-18.70,-18.22,-18.74,-18.51,-18.69,-18.89,-19.26,-19.04,-18.90,-18.96,-18.93,-18.84,-19.35,-18.73,-18.94,-18.80,-18.89,-18.73,-19.12,-18.80,-18.81,-19.27,-18.85,-19.35,-19.67,-19.20,-19.16,-19.51,-17.79]

▲ 使用TG功能测量放大器的增益曲线(线性比例尺)

▲ 使用TG功能测量放大器的增益曲线(线性比例尺)

3.使用扫频方法测量

使用两台FLUKE45的交流表来测量放大器的输入输出信号幅值。在 如何使用万用表测量随机噪声 中测量了FLUKE45表的频率响应宽度小于400kHz,所以增益曲线测量在超过400kHz之后就会由于FLUKE45的频率响应限制而变得不可靠了。

▲ 扫频万用表测量得到的幅频曲线

▲ 扫频万用表测量得到的幅频曲线

inv=[0.00,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.18,0.17,0.17,0.17,0.17,0.17,0.17,0.17,0.17,0.17,0.17,0.17,0.17,0.17,0.17,0.17,0.17,0.16,0.16,0.16,0.16,0.16,0.16,0.16,0.16,0.16,0.16,0.16,0.16,0.16,0.15,0.15,0.15,0.15,0.15,0.15,0.15,0.15,0.15,0.15,0.15,0.14,0.14,0.14,0.14,0.14,0.14,0.14,0.14,0.13,0.13,0.13,0.13,0.13,0.13,0.13,0.13,0.12,0.12,0.12,0.12,0.12,0.12,0.12,0.12,0.11,0.11,0.11,0.11,0.11,0.11,0.11,0.11,0.10,0.10,0.10,0.10,0.10,0.10,0.10,0.10,0.09,0.09,0.09,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00]
outv=[0.03,4.92,4.91,4.88,4.88,4.75,4.66,4.62,4.54,4.20,3.60,3.19,3.00,2.85,2.68,2.54,2.42,2.29,2.18,2.08,1.98,1.88,1.80,1.71,1.64,1.57,1.49,1.43,1.36,1.30,1.24,1.19,1.13,1.08,1.03,0.98,0.95,0.95,0.89,0.81,0.81,0.95,0.92,0.89,0.86,0.83,0.80,0.77,0.75,0.72,0.69,0.67,0.64,0.62,0.60,0.57,0.55,0.53,0.51,0.50,0.48,0.46,0.45,0.43,0.42,0.40,0.39,0.37,0.36,0.35,0.34,0.33,0.31,0.30,0.29,0.28,0.27,0.26,0.25,0.24,0.24,0.23,0.22,0.21,0.20,0.19,0.19,0.18,0.17,0.17,0.16,0.15,0.15,0.14,0.14,0.13,0.13,0.12,0.12,0.11,0.11,0.10,0.10,0.09,0.04,0.04,0.04,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.02,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.02,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.02,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03,0.03]
gain=[15.23,26.91,26.84,26.68,26.70,26.04,25.54,25.37,24.95,23.09,19.85,17.61,16.57,15.76,14.88,14.11,13.48,12.79,12.18,11.65,11.10,10.60,10.16,9.71,9.29,8.92,8.53,8.16,7.82,7.50,7.18,6.87,6.59,6.30,6.06,5.77,5.63,5.65,5.29,4.81,4.83,5.70,5.55,5.38,5.22,5.07,4.91,4.76,4.62,4.47,4.32,4.19,4.05,3.92,3.80,3.68,3.57,3.47,3.36,3.26,3.17,3.07,2.99,2.91,2.82,2.75,2.67,2.60,2.53,2.46,2.39,2.33,2.27,2.21,2.15,2.09,2.04,1.98,1.93,1.88,1.83,1.78,1.73,1.68,1.63,1.59,1.55,1.50,1.46,1.42,1.38,1.34,1.30,1.26,1.23,1.19,1.16,1.13,1.09,1.07,1.04,1.01,0.97,0.95,0.36,0.37,0.37,0.36,0.36,0.35,1.43,1.44,1.44,1.47,1.52,1.54,1.56,1.58,1.61,1.69,1.64,1.71,1.70,1.77,1.85,1.81,1.89,2.01,2.02,2.05,2.09,2.15,2.27,2.29,2.34,2.43,2.51,2.71,2.67,2.86,2.96,3.11,3.37,3.31,3.64,3.97,4.14,4.42,4.86,5.23,5.74,5.75,6.41,6.87,7.47,8.21,7.85,8.75,9.53,9.90,9.40,10.05,10.39,11.40,10.51,10.49,11.55,11.76,12.34,10.68,11.18,12.04,12.67,13.09,11.21,12.15,12.32,12.70,12.01,11.59,12.89,13.67,13.62,12.32,13.33,13.43,14.43,12.99,12.85,14.40,14.50,15.08,13.02,14.43,14.40,14.38,13.62,13.14,15.00,14.96]

▲ 测量过程中的输出输入波形变化

▲ 测量过程中的输出输入波形变化

4.使用示波器测量输入输出信号的幅值和相位

▲ 没有负载的情况下,扫频幅频特性和相频特性

▲ 没有负载的情况下,扫频幅频特性和相频特性

gain=[26.45,26.15,26.05,25.88,25.81,25.03,24.47,24.12,23.76,21.88,18.62,16.89,15.95,15.11,14.21,13.69,12.99,12.34,11.81,11.23,10.74,10.28,9.89,9.46,9.11,8.76,8.40,8.13,7.82,7.55,7.30,7.02,6.79,6.59,6.34,6.14,5.91,5.73,5.53,5.37,5.19,5.01,4.85,4.70,4.53,4.38,4.23,4.10,3.94,3.80,3.69,3.54,3.41,3.30,3.18,3.08,2.97,2.88,2.78,2.69,2.60,2.52,2.45,2.37,2.31,2.21,2.15,2.10,2.04,1.96,1.91,1.87,1.81,1.74,1.72,1.66,1.61,1.57,1.53,1.48,1.45,1.43,1.38,1.35,1.31,1.29,1.24,1.22,1.18,1.17,1.13,1.09,1.07,1.04,1.02,1.01,0.97,0.96,0.95,0.93,0.90,0.88,0.87,0.85,0.82,0.79,0.78,0.78,0.75,0.74,0.73,0.70,0.70,0.69,0.65,0.66,0.64,0.62,0.62,0.58,0.60,0.59,0.57,0.55,0.55,0.55,0.52,0.51,0.51,0.51,0.49,0.48,0.49,0.49,0.45,0.46,0.44,0.43,0.43,0.42,0.44,0.41,0.40,0.39,0.38,0.39,0.36,0.36,0.36,0.35,0.34,0.35,0.31,0.32,0.32,0.32,0.32,0.33,0.32,0.30,0.28,0.30,0.28,0.28,0.28,0.27,0.28,0.27,0.27,0.26,0.24,0.25,0.26,0.25,0.24,0.25,0.23,0.26,0.22,0.23,0.23,0.23,0.22,0.21,0.24,0.21,0.21,0.20,0.18,0.23,0.20,0.18,0.21,0.18,0.19,0.19,0.17,0.18,0.16,0.19]
phase=[0.58,0.08,0.13,0.07,0.22,0.23,0.31,0.44,0.41,0.71,0.83,0.93,1.01,1.11,1.22,1.37,1.38,1.41,1.61,-4.60,-4.52,-4.49,-4.39,-4.34,-4.35,-4.25,-4.23,-4.09,-4.05,-4.00,-3.94,-3.92,-3.88,-3.81,-3.79,-3.74,-3.68,-3.64,-3.60,-3.56,-3.56,-3.48,-3.49,-3.40,-3.36,-3.39,-3.32,-3.26,-3.31,-3.26,-3.31,-3.25,-3.29,-3.16,-3.19,-3.23,-3.24,-3.09,-3.17,-3.16,-3.16,-3.15,-3.07,-3.11,-3.09,-3.05,-3.11,-2.98,-3.01,-3.07,-3.05,-3.02,-3.04,-3.01,-3.06,-3.03,-2.99,-2.97,-2.99,-2.90,-2.93,-2.97,-2.88,-2.95,-2.90,-2.90,-2.90,-2.89,-2.85,-2.85,-2.87,-2.89,-2.84,-2.87,-2.85,-2.80,-2.93,-2.80,-2.80,-2.89,-2.88,-2.85,-2.76,-2.71,-2.87,-2.78,-2.78,-2.80,-2.80,-2.79,-2.74,-2.75,-2.77,-2.76,-2.68,-2.87,-2.68,-2.69,-2.72,-2.80,-2.73,-2.77,-2.79,-2.74,-2.65,-2.69,-2.80,-2.63,-2.66,-2.60,-2.68,-2.63,-2.68,-2.67,-2.58,-2.59,-2.66,-2.63,-2.57,-2.62,-2.62,-2.57,-2.70,-2.66,-2.67,-2.58,-2.63,-2.55,-2.59,-2.62,-2.61,-2.59,-2.54,-2.62,-2.58,-2.57,-2.50,-2.63,-2.59,-2.52,-2.63,-2.58,-2.57,-2.57,-2.64,-2.57,-2.57,-2.55,-2.52,-2.52,-2.49,-2.47,-2.53,-2.48,-2.54,-2.49,-2.57,-2.67,-2.61,-2.57,-2.54,-2.60,-2.51,-2.59,-2.40,-2.52,-2.49,-2.45,-2.43,-2.54,-2.55,-2.55,-2.57,-2.45,-2.46,-2.43,-2.44,-2.51,-2.40,-2.48]
f=[1000.00,6020.10,11040.20,16060.30,21080.40,26100.50,31120.60,36140.70,41160.80,46180.90,51201.01,56221.11,61241.21,66261.31,71281.41,76301.51,81321.61,86341.71,91361.81,96381.91,101402.01,106422.11,111442.21,116462.31,121482.41,126502.51,131522.61,136542.71,141562.81,146582.91,151603.02,156623.12,161643.22,166663.32,171683.42,176703.52,181723.62,186743.72,191763.82,196783.92,201804.02,206824.12,211844.22,216864.32,221884.42,226904.52,231924.62,236944.72,241964.82,246984.92,252005.03,257025.13,262045.23,267065.33,272085.43,277105.53,282125.63,287145.73,292165.83,297185.93,302206.03,307226.13,312246.23,317266.33,322286.43,327306.53,332326.63,337346.73,342366.83,347386.93,352407.04,357427.14,362447.24,367467.34,372487.44,377507.54,382527.64,387547.74,392567.84,397587.94,402608.04,407628.14,412648.24,417668.34,422688.44,427708.54,432728.64,437748.74,442768.84,447788.94,452809.05,457829.15,462849.25,467869.35,472889.45,477909.55,482929.65,487949.75,492969.85,497989.95,503010.05,508030.15,513050.25,518070.35,523090.45,528110.55,533130.65,538150.75,543170.85,548190.95,553211.06,558231.16,563251.26,568271.36,573291.46,578311.56,583331.66,588351.76,593371.86,598391.96,603412.06,608432.16,613452.26,618472.36,623492.46,628512.56,633532.66,638552.76,643572.86,648592.96,653613.07,658633.17,663653.27,668673.37,673693.47,678713.57,683733.67,688753.77,693773.87,698793.97,703814.07,708834.17,713854.27,718874.37,723894.47,728914.57,733934.67,738954.77,743974.87,748994.97,754015.08,759035.18,764055.28,769075.38,774095.48,779115.58,784135.68,789155.78,794175.88,799195.98,804216.08,809236.18,814256.28,819276.38,824296.48,829316.58,834336.68,839356.78,844376.88,849396.98,854417.09,859437.19,864457.29,869477.39,874497.49,879517.59,884537.69,889557.79,894577.89,899597.99,904618.09,909638.19,914658.29,919678.39,924698.49,929718.59,934738.69,939758.79,944778.89,949798.99,954819.10,959839.20,964859.30,969879.40,974899.50,979919.60,984939.70,989959.80,994979.90,1000000.00]
ch1=[10.28,4808.87,4815.94,4786.83,4782.71,4622.33,4546.66,4491.19,4419.22,4072.09,3452.38,3156.01,2983.72,2824.71,2671.91,2552.76,2433.16,2315.32,2213.89,2100.35,2018.56,1919.74,1857.34,1781.10,1710.74,1647.74,1582.17,1525.06,1467.27,1418.68,1366.85,1318.36,1275.86,1228.32,1189.48,1151.15,1107.11,1074.63,1038.30,1004.11,970.83,936.44,909.58,874.04,847.96,820.85,792.77,766.59,737.58,711.24,690.59,661.74,638.95,617.33,595.01,574.60,554.29,537.05,518.17,503.54,485.87,471.51,455.59,441.22,429.10,412.46,401.31,391.68,379.62,365.70,355.64,347.24,336.71,324.39,319.34,308.52,298.88,293.01,282.79,275.90,267.84,264.29,256.28,248.21,242.80,239.50,230.03,223.61,216.67,216.86,209.06,201.67,198.22,193.01,188.50,186.89,178.92,177.16,174.21,171.86,165.50,161.88,159.82,156.16,151.57,146.24,144.11,143.78,138.00,135.64,133.95,128.61,128.65,127.69,118.97,121.82,117.03,113.93,114.08,107.25,109.80,107.25,105.33,100.81,99.65,100.73,94.46,94.01,93.29,92.63,89.05,86.95,88.96,89.09,81.85,83.57,80.17,78.83,78.38,76.90,80.38,73.24,72.55,71.33,69.32,70.51,65.41,65.94,65.49,63.86,61.42,64.11,56.03,58.07,57.79,58.13,58.08,58.94,57.59,54.71,51.26,54.05,49.96,49.53,50.91,49.22,50.02,49.41,47.61,46.33,43.99,44.63,45.89,45.52,42.31,44.48,41.78,46.07,38.88,41.90,40.42,40.87,39.35,36.94,43.75,37.59,37.30,36.28,32.01,41.70,35.72,32.14,36.94,32.49,33.71,34.09,31.19,32.02,29.33,33.85]
ch2=[0.39,183.86,184.87,184.99,185.34,184.64,185.79,186.18,186.01,186.11,185.43,186.86,187.11,186.99,188.02,186.53,187.30,187.66,187.50,187.01,187.88,186.74,187.88,188.26,187.69,187.99,188.33,187.48,187.53,187.84,187.35,187.89,187.84,186.36,187.62,187.61,187.32,187.63,187.72,187.14,187.14,186.84,187.63,185.90,187.15,187.50,187.33,187.07,187.11,187.27,187.28,187.01,187.59,186.91,186.90,186.64,186.58,186.74,186.64,186.91,186.59,186.81,186.00,186.50,185.87,186.67,186.28,186.29,186.32,186.12,186.05,185.60,185.93,186.01,185.38,185.73,185.32,186.09,184.71,185.80,184.54,184.99,185.54,184.23,185.26,185.21,185.20,183.81,183.89,184.93,184.55,185.40,184.69,184.75,185.27,184.31,184.43,184.52,183.99,184.13,184.60,184.33,184.76,184.57,183.90,184.18,183.76,183.87,183.67,183.73,183.63,183.40,183.31,183.85,183.33,183.26,183.37,182.82,183.19,183.43,182.63,182.92,183.46,183.02,182.81,183.08,181.99,182.70,182.46,182.52,183.02,182.31,182.44,182.17,181.91,181.84,181.98,181.77,182.07,182.57,181.46,180.75,182.02,181.84,184.49,181.45,181.94,181.10,181.19,182.93,180.86,180.79,180.37,180.95,180.74,180.47,180.16,180.80,181.06,180.32,180.61,180.27,180.04,179.19,180.23,179.95,180.11,179.99,179.59,180.05,179.89,179.03,179.63,179.18,179.43,179.47,178.56,179.51,179.73,179.43,179.26,179.39,179.32,179.15,179.03,179.09,178.85,178.53,178.62,178.96,179.22,178.58,178.45,178.59,178.66,178.36,178.24,178.11,178.07,178.34]

▲ 带有50Ω负载下的测量结果

▲ 带有50Ω负载下的测量结果

gain=[0.41,22.62,21.42,19.12,16.45,13.71,11.44,9.67,8.07,6.09,4.11,2.14,0.97,0.63,0.60,0.56,0.49,0.54,0.61,0.48,0.48,0.63,0.45,0.46,0.44,0.58,0.39,0.41,0.40,0.44,0.43,0.42,0.37,0.38,0.40,0.34,0.38,0.43,0.35,0.27,0.33,0.36,0.33,0.28,0.36,0.36,0.31,0.36,0.35,0.35,0.30,0.37,0.25,0.23,0.32,0.34,0.32,0.22,0.25,0.39,0.33,0.28,0.31,0.29,0.29,0.24,0.28,0.28,0.30,0.30,0.29,0.28,0.35,0.45,0.14,0.26,0.30,0.29,0.28,0.27,0.22,0.26,0.22,0.28,0.29,0.32,0.24,0.26,0.29,0.24,0.23,0.26,0.14,0.26,0.24,0.27,0.22,0.25,0.20,0.24,0.01,0.23,0.19,0.21,0.25,0.19,0.23,0.26,0.21,0.18,0.19,0.20,0.19,0.21,0.22,0.18,0.23,0.18,0.17,0.18,0.19,0.16,0.19,0.19,0.13,0.14,0.12,0.14,0.14,0.11,0.11,0.02,0.13,0.10,0.12,0.13,0.15,0.09,0.07,0.11,0.07,0.11,0.09,0.12,0.09,0.16,0.08,0.10,0.02,0.04,0.10,0.03,0.09,0.04,0.25,0.01,0.08,0.07,0.10,0.06,0.05,0.04,0.23,0.07,0.05,0.00,0.06,0.00,0.01,0.00,0.04,0.03,0.08,0.02,0.02,0.03,0.02,0.00,0.01,0.06,0.08,0.02,0.02,0.04,0.04,0.04,0.01,0.00,0.03,0.07,0.04,0.08,0.06,0.00,0.00,0.04,0.00,0.00,0.03,0.06]
phase=[-1.81,0.11,0.14,0.37,0.49,0.65,0.79,0.98,1.10,1.36,-4.71,-4.48,-4.51,-4.55,-4.52,-4.41,-4.44,-4.35,-4.20,-4.33,-4.11,-4.04,-4.08,-4.05,-4.07,-3.94,-3.99,-3.96,-3.93,-3.88,-3.76,-3.85,-3.75,-3.73,-3.84,-3.65,-3.57,-3.52,-3.57,-3.70,-3.54,-3.53,-3.46,-3.58,-3.41,-3.45,-3.45,-3.43,-3.37,-3.39,-3.45,-3.39,-3.34,-3.55,-3.31,-3.26,-3.27,-3.48,-3.40,-3.24,-3.23,-3.29,-3.23,-3.19,-3.22,-3.29,-3.27,-3.17,-3.22,-3.14,-3.17,-3.18,-3.10,-3.00,-3.52,-3.05,-3.10,-3.05,-3.02,-3.11,-3.07,-3.07,-3.19,-3.00,-3.01,-2.99,-3.03,-3.02,-2.98,-2.99,-2.99,-2.94,-3.32,-2.98,-2.98,-2.97,-2.96,-2.92,-2.98,-2.92,-4.20,-3.03,-3.01,-2.90,-2.89,-2.91,-2.88,-2.77,-2.95,-2.88,-2.93,-2.87,-2.86,-2.94,-2.87,-2.93,-2.93,-2.90,-2.95,-2.83,-2.82,-2.72,-2.70,-2.78,-2.77,-2.72,-2.91,-2.83,-2.74,-2.76,-2.85,-4.13,-2.92,-3.00,-2.97,-2.84,-2.86,-2.67,-2.74,-2.84,-2.86,-2.82,-2.78,-2.87,-2.73,-2.48,-2.72,-2.59,-2.95,-2.50,-2.90,-2.93,-2.72,-2.79,-2.50,-2.64,-2.83,-2.88,-3.03,-2.86,-3.01,-2.47,-2.41,-2.54,-2.56,-2.76,-2.85,-3.95,-2.90,-2.66,-2.51,-2.81,-2.42,-2.60,-2.74,-2.87,-2.82,-2.76,-2.52,-2.49,-2.57,-2.72,-2.72,-2.84,-2.43,-2.69,-2.62,-2.55,-2.68,-2.81,-2.74,-2.87,-2.62,-2.29,-2.43,-2.48,-1.52,-2.77,-2.79,-2.63]
f=[1000.00,6020.10,11040.20,16060.30,21080.40,26100.50,31120.60,36140.70,41160.80,46180.90,51201.01,56221.11,61241.21,66261.31,71281.41,76301.51,81321.61,86341.71,91361.81,96381.91,101402.01,106422.11,111442.21,116462.31,121482.41,126502.51,131522.61,136542.71,141562.81,146582.91,151603.02,156623.12,161643.22,166663.32,171683.42,176703.52,181723.62,186743.72,191763.82,196783.92,201804.02,206824.12,211844.22,216864.32,221884.42,226904.52,231924.62,236944.72,241964.82,246984.92,252005.03,257025.13,262045.23,267065.33,272085.43,277105.53,282125.63,287145.73,292165.83,297185.93,302206.03,307226.13,312246.23,317266.33,322286.43,327306.53,332326.63,337346.73,342366.83,347386.93,352407.04,357427.14,362447.24,367467.34,372487.44,377507.54,382527.64,387547.74,392567.84,397587.94,402608.04,407628.14,412648.24,417668.34,422688.44,427708.54,432728.64,437748.74,442768.84,447788.94,452809.05,457829.15,462849.25,467869.35,472889.45,477909.55,482929.65,487949.75,492969.85,497989.95,503010.05,508030.15,513050.25,518070.35,523090.45,528110.55,533130.65,538150.75,543170.85,548190.95,553211.06,558231.16,563251.26,568271.36,573291.46,578311.56,583331.66,588351.76,593371.86,598391.96,603412.06,608432.16,613452.26,618472.36,623492.46,628512.56,633532.66,638552.76,643572.86,648592.96,653613.07,658633.17,663653.27,668673.37,673693.47,678713.57,683733.67,688753.77,693773.87,698793.97,703814.07,708834.17,713854.27,718874.37,723894.47,728914.57,733934.67,738954.77,743974.87,748994.97,754015.08,759035.18,764055.28,769075.38,774095.48,779115.58,784135.68,789155.78,794175.88,799195.98,804216.08,809236.18,814256.28,819276.38,824296.48,829316.58,834336.68,839356.78,844376.88,849396.98,854417.09,859437.19,864457.29,869477.39,874497.49,879517.59,884537.69,889557.79,894577.89,899597.99,904618.09,909638.19,914658.29,919678.39,924698.49,929718.59,934738.69,939758.79,944778.89,949798.99,954819.10,959839.20,964859.30,969879.40,974899.50,979919.60,984939.70,989959.80,994979.90,1000000.00]
ch1=[0.08,4294.10,4045.61,3581.46,3059.57,2526.07,2107.93,1778.41,1481.31,1113.69,750.71,392.53,177.67,116.22,111.15,103.16,89.72,98.86,112.71,88.22,89.41,115.80,82.83,85.36,81.19,107.32,73.02,75.23,74.50,82.09,78.61,77.09,69.20,69.61,73.68,63.42,70.21,79.73,65.25,50.25,61.66,67.05,60.92,52.00,66.83,66.67,56.57,65.99,65.38,65.33,55.74,68.31,45.63,42.19,58.02,61.80,58.18,40.46,46.10,70.78,60.98,51.91,57.04,53.85,52.43,43.47,51.12,52.11,55.78,54.12,53.22,50.42,63.90,82.47,24.70,48.45,54.03,52.47,51.63,49.20,40.46,46.89,40.74,51.07,53.59,57.85,44.24,47.83,52.29,44.33,41.26,46.77,25.61,47.02,43.14,48.84,40.49,44.81,37.22,43.44,2.66,42.10,34.74,38.26,45.15,33.74,40.84,46.30,38.57,33.01,33.84,36.29,35.25,38.17,39.02,31.81,40.62,32.29,30.37,33.01,33.30,28.62,33.62,34.63,23.94,26.07,21.89,24.70,24.57,20.16,20.32,2.88,23.76,17.49,21.44,22.83,26.94,15.52,13.13,20.29,11.92,19.08,16.60,21.32,16.23,28.60,14.09,17.17,4.24,6.79,17.41,6.18,15.37,7.92,44.46,1.93,14.57,11.94,17.25,11.05,9.18,6.43,40.55,12.41,9.28,0.38,9.91,0.86,2.57,0.74,6.39,4.42,14.41,3.16,3.62,5.18,2.69,0.85,1.49,10.19,13.45,3.40,2.84,7.37,6.97,7.60,1.70,0.21,6.09,11.70,7.09,13.71,9.90,0.34,0.57,6.51,0.08,0.76,5.57,10.22]
ch2=[0.20,189.80,188.88,187.28,186.04,184.28,184.28,183.92,183.66,182.99,182.48,183.73,183.64,184.15,184.45,184.26,183.74,184.36,184.66,183.77,184.87,183.25,185.42,184.96,184.67,184.92,184.89,184.49,185.22,184.89,184.83,184.99,185.37,184.06,184.68,184.88,184.35,184.70,184.68,184.37,184.45,183.98,184.58,183.21,184.36,184.79,184.52,184.52,184.59,184.32,184.46,183.91,184.44,184.41,184.10,184.34,184.14,184.15,184.03,183.83,183.67,183.77,183.25,183.45,183.50,183.43,183.49,183.66,183.54,183.26,183.05,181.68,184.44,183.15,182.33,183.11,183.03,182.99,182.28,182.62,182.09,182.08,182.73,181.74,182.13,182.24,182.25,180.94,181.05,182.29,181.86,181.88,181.51,181.66,181.23,180.94,181.89,181.59,182.03,181.46,181.56,181.30,181.72,181.72,180.98,180.81,180.79,180.94,180.95,180.51,180.49,180.48,180.80,180.66,180.48,179.85,180.26,179.91,180.51,180.00,179.52,179.61,180.13,179.90,179.87,179.83,179.16,179.08,179.22,179.62,179.14,179.11,179.28,179.05,178.53,179.05,178.88,178.64,178.21,178.34,178.19,177.87,178.84,178.39,178.64,178.17,178.06,177.71,177.99,178.88,178.02,177.52,175.26,177.54,178.84,177.26,176.90,177.60,176.84,176.81,178.63,176.95,176.69,176.05,176.84,176.46,176.91,177.36,176.15,176.53,176.35,175.66,176.16,175.86,176.26,175.88,175.04,175.91,175.92,175.98,175.95,175.60,176.01,176.30,175.64,175.60,175.89,175.38,175.21,175.08,175.01,175.19,175.16,175.04,174.83,174.83,174.87,174.78,174.56,174.78]

5.测量单位冲激响应

使用RC组成微分信号对输入的方波进行微分,生成近似的delta的信号。
▲ 测试电路原理图

▲ 测试电路原理图

▲ 测试方波以及输出波形

▲ 测试方波以及输出波形

(1)输入信号及其频谱

▲ 输入信号波形

▲ 输入信号波形

▲ 输入信号的频谱
▲ 输入信号的频谱

(2)输出信号及其频谱

▲ 测试方波以及输出波形(放大版本)

▲ 测试方波以及输出波形(放大版本)

▲ 单位冲激响应的傅里叶变换

▲ 单位冲激响应的傅里叶变换

▲ 单位冲激信号的FFT相位

▲ 单位冲激信号的FFT相位

(3) 输入白噪声信号

▲ 输入白噪声信号的波形

▲ 输入白噪声信号的波形

▲ 输出信号的频谱

▲ 输出信号的频谱

▲ 输出信号的频谱

▲ 输出信号的频谱

 

03实验讨论


在前面实验中,可以看到以下结论:

  1. 使用噪声注入方法,所得到的增益与其他四个相差很大。其中的原因还需进行进一步的讨论;
  2. 在使用扫频方法的时候,使用示波器完成增益和相位的变化;
  3. 使用单位冲激响应所得到的带宽与实际扫频结可以相互验证。
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: Age of Ai 设计师:meimeiellie 返回首页