MC-21-B高精度电阻箱初步测试

00测试背景

为什么需要测试它?怎么测试它?

为什么需要测试它?
怎么测试它?

电阻箱TB购买地址 委托白超1购买到的高精度大范围电阻箱今天到货了。准备使用 RIGOL DM3068数字万用表测量它的各个电阻档的读数数值。

▲ 大范围电阻箱外观

▲ 大范围电阻箱外观

测量条件:直接将DM3068的表笔使用自配的鳄鱼嘴夹加在电阻箱的各个单位上。读出对应的输出数值。

02测试结果

1.档位0.1Ω 至 100欧姆

0123456789
0.0732020.1725800.2767350.3747240.4955320.5835250.6834930.7770820.8766240.983649
0.0753131.0973172.1038993.1032214.0815415.0755386.0925317.0855838.1168699.069263
0.09710510.14046720.14566730.18198440.24005150.15674860.20799470.23182680.14231590.140258
0.132334100.185458200.330008300.415771400.469343500.730170600.347544700.868666800.775055899.516955

2. 档位100Ω至10M欧姆

0123456789
0.2682121000.3277801999.7501903000.4679404004.4735005003.1648306011.0042707004.7751208007.0186009009.039110
0.28556310007.10940020005.34350030000.39000040034.60900050074.95130060056.04990070103.84160080165.78950090111.202100
0.263665100140.118000200619.097000300903.150000400805.849000500934.520000601106.300000701418.194000801333.482000903197.913000
0.3134061003429.3800002008771.0500003011882.7400003996829.3200005017496.7900005998610.9800006997175.5500008009518.4100008982766.300000
0.3206629982007.26000020036654.80000029977984.20000040102427.90000049685229.60000059888626.60000070171662.70000079947291.10000089536774.200000

3.超出量程

对于100M以上量程的电阻超出了DM3068的测量范围了。

03结果分析

假设某一组电阻测量结果如下是: R n = [ r 0 , r 2 , ⋯   , r 9 ] R_n = [r_0 ,r_2 , \cdots ,r_9 ] Rn=[r0,r2,,r9]

则对应的递增相对误差为:
η i = r i + 1 − r i R g r o u p × 100 % ,      i = 0 , 1 , ⋯ 8 \eta _i = {{r_{i + 1} - r_i } \over {R_{group} }} \times 100\% ,\,\,\,\,i = 0,1, \cdots 8 ηi=Rgroupri+1ri×100%,i=0,1,8

其中 R g r o u p R_{group} Rgroup是该组测量电阻的档位。

1.低档位的电阻相对误差

▲ 0.1~100Ω递增相对误差

▲ 0.1~100Ω递增相对误差

2.高档位的电阻相对误差

▲ 1k~10M递增相对误差

▲ 1k~10M递增相对误差

#!/usr/local/bin/python
# -*- coding: gbk -*-
#============================================================
# TEST1.PY                     -- by Dr. ZhuoQing 2020-09-23
#
# Note:
#============================================================

from headm import *

res0 = [0.073202, 0.17258, 0.276735, 0.374724, 0.495532, 0.583525, 0.683493, 0.777082, 0.876624, 0.983649]
res1 = [0.075313, 1.097317, 2.103899, 3.103221, 4.081541, 5.075538, 6.092531, 7.085583, 8.116869, 9.069263]
res2 = [0.097105, 10.140467, 20.145667, 30.181984, 40.240051, 50.156748, 60.207994, 70.231826, 80.142315, 90.140258]
res3 = [0.132334, 100.185458, 200.330008, 300.415771, 400.469343, 500.73017, 600.347544, 700.868666, 800.775055, 899.516955]

resh0 = [0.268212, 1000.32778, 1999.75019, 3000.46794, 4004.4735, 5003.16483, 6011.00427, 7004.77512, 8007.0186, 9009.03911]
resh1 = [0.285563, 10007.1094, 20005.3435, 30000.39, 40034.609, 50074.9513, 60056.0499, 70103.8416, 80165.7895, 90111.2021]
resh2 = [0.263665, 100140.118, 200619.097, 300903.15, 400805.849, 500934.52, 601106.3, 701418.194, 801333.482, 903197.913]
resh3 = [0.313406, 1003429.38, 2008771.05, 3011882.74, 3996829.32, 5017496.79, 5998610.98, 6997175.55, 8009518.41, 8982766.3]
resh4 = [0.320662, 9982007.26, 20036654.8, 29977984.2, 40102427.9, 49685229.6, 59888626.6, 70171662.7, 79947291.1, 89536774.2]

err0 = [(x1-x2)*0.1 for x1,x2 in zip(resh0[1:], resh0[:-1])]
err1 = [(x1-x2)*0.01 for x1,x2 in zip(resh1[1:], resh1[:-1])]
err2 = [(x1-x2)*0.001 for x1,x2 in zip(resh2[1:], resh2[:-1])]
err3 = [(x1-x2)*0.0001 for x1,x2 in zip(resh3[1:], resh3[:-1])]
err4 = [(x1-x2)*0.00001 for x1,x2 in zip(resh4[1:], resh4[:-1])]
plt.plot(err0, label='1k')
plt.plot(err1, label='10k')
plt.plot(err2, label='100k')
plt.plot(err3, label='1M')
plt.plot(err4, label='10M')

plt.xlabel("Sample")
plt.ylabel("Error(%)")
plt.grid(True)
plt.legend(loc="upper right")
plt.tight_layout()
plt.show()

#------------------------------------------------------------
#        END OF FILE : TEST1.PY
#============================================================

04结论

利用万用表对于购买得到的大量程电阻箱进行精度测试,测试了各个档位的具体电阻值以及相应的误差分布。

通过测量结果来看,电阻箱的范围是足够大,读出精度低于不犹豫5%。这个精度的确堪忧。

▲ 电阻箱外观

▲ 电阻箱外观

 
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